In this guide, we will teach you all the basic information associated with bearded dragon poop. This article would equip you with the knowledge necessary to ensure the wellbeing of your bearded dragon by looking at their stools.
Among various pet reptiles, it is comparatively easier to raise a bearded dragon at home. You can easily look after them and cater to their dietary needs with little attention. But despite their easy maintenance it can get sometimes get difficult to make a fair estimate about the health status of a dragon. That is where the art of evaluating the stools of bearded dragons come in handy.
Whether it is runny or thick, the consistency and appearance of the poop of your pet can reveal a lot. You would be in a better position of predicting their digestive health. This way you can feed them related medications so that they can get in good physical shape.
Scaled critters usually tend to spend most time of the day hiding in some caves or crevices in their tank. This would make it difficult for the owners to interpret their health at any given moment.
Now, whenever you feel like inquiring about the health of your pet lizard, just have a peek at their latest droppings. If you have a trained eye, you would be able to identify if your pet is suffering from a disease by observing their droppings.
In this article, you will learn what signs you should watch out for related to your pet’s poop. Getting familiar with these basic guidelines would put you in a better position of taking care of your exotic pet.
Bearded dragon poop
Before you are in a position to identify anomalies related to your beardie’s health you should first know what a normal poop looks like. Getting yourself familiar with it would go a long for you in taking care of your adorable dragon. You should have a habit of regularly observing your pet’s stools.
You first need to understand that it would not be like the typical feces you scoop out from your cat or dog’s litter boxes. There would be various physical differences that would set it apart from mammalian waste material.
Your mammalian pets have different excretion tracts for urine and feces. This means that they would mostly expel these waste materials independently from different openings. Food goes through the intestinal tract, where all the nutrients are taken out of it. Similarly, water passes through kidneys, where all the essential minerals are absorbed. So, whenever they feel the need to excrete one of these materials they would use different outlets.
On the other hand, most reptiles have a central collecting chamber where all the digestive tracts and urinary tracts connect. This means that your bearded dragon would not be expelling urine and feces from different openings. Whenever they go to the toilet, they would be expelling out a mixture of fecal and urinal material.
Their feces would be made up of a brown portion and a white portion. The former portion makes up the leftover food items in their diet. While the white portion represents the part that contains high amounts of uric acid and urea.
You should always keep track of the color and consistency of the stools of your pet dragon. This way you would be able to make changes in their diet beforehand.
How frequently should a baby bearded dragon poop?
A baby beardie that is younger than 3 months of age would go to the toilet at least once a day. You should not be alarmed if you notice new feces in their tank after every few hours. The high content of protein and fat in their diet would cause them to defecate frequently throughout the day.
Their diet would consist of about 80% lean meat and 20% vegetable greens. This ratio can tell a lot about the type of fecal material they would be excreting daily. Sometimes when your tiny lizards gobble up on a large number of insects, this would cause them to defecate up to three times a day.
How frequently should a juvenile bearded dragon poop?
Sub-adults or juveniles would observe a sudden transition in their dietary preferences as they grow older. Juveniles include bearded dragons of ages between 4 to 18 months. Because of their sudden inclination to leafy greens, they would go to the toilet less frequently.
You should expect your juvenile bearded dragon to poop every other day. Their bowel movements would be less frequent compared to that when they were babies. The main reason is due to their less interest in a high-protein diet.
How frequently should an adult bearded dragon poop?
Your beardie’s pooping habits would be changed as they turn into adults. During adulthood, you can expect them to poop anywhere from 1 to 7 times a week. During some weeks, they might even release droppings daily based on their high-protein diet.
As long as your adult dragon is getting adequate amounts of exposure to UVB rays and warmth in their enclosure, they would be able to have healthy bowel movements without any complications.
You should not be surprised if your bearded dragon ends up pooping only once a week. You should add different heating zones in their tank so that they can change their position according to their preference. This would help them stay in their basking spot after consuming a heavy meal.
What does a normal bearded dragon poop look like?
A healthy dropping should consist of two parts: undigested food and urates. The waste products of food items cause the poop to become brown in color. You might observe different shades of brown on different occasions depending upon their daily diet.
There should be a distinct white part in the stools of your dragon, which indicates the presence of urine. Because bearded dragons don’t separately urinate they need to get rid of it while they are defecating. So, seeing soft yellow-whitish parts of poop are a sign of good health.
The kidneys of most reptiles get rid of excess waste in the form of urates. These solidified urine blocks stay in the gut of the animal until it feels the need to poop.
PRO TIP: If you notice that the feces of your beardie are hard and chalky, then this can indicate their dehydration. You might want to add more water bowls in their tank to make it easier for them to stay hydrated.
On the other hand, if the urates are runny and inconsistent in their structure then this can tell about excessive hydration. You might want to ensure that your pet lizard drinks optimal amounts of water daily.
If the poop size becomes smaller than usual, then this can tell about their sudden lack of interest in food. You should take your pet dragon to a herpetologist to ensure that their digestive system is working perfectly.
Bearded dragon poop colors
The natural colors and shades of the droppings of your pet lizard would vary depending upon their food intake. Some exotic fruit items would cause their poop to become vibrantly colorful. Many beginner lizard enthusiasts get worried when they notice such unfamiliar shades in the droppings of their pets. You should always be prepared to observe different colors.
Bearded dragon white and brown poop
Beginner bearded dragon owners should make themselves familiar with this color combination of their pets’ poop. This is a healthy color to spot as it shows that your beardie’s diet and water intake is balanced. As mentioned earlier, the white parts reveal the presence of urates in stools. These urates are basically waste products released from the kidneys of most reptiles. All the excretions related to fluids would be released in the form of yellowish-white urates.
You should always expect this color combination in the droppings of your adorable pets. A sudden decrease in the whitish part of poop can tell about their dehydration issues. You should install water fountains or mini ponds containing shallow water in their enclosure. This would encourage them to take small sips of liquid throughout the day.
Bearded dragon poop is all white
This a common sign of over-hydration when the poop of your bearded dragon turns entirely white in color. The high amounts of urates merely tell that they haven’t had a meal for a while and they only gulped down on the water.
When you spot white poop pieces in the tank of your dragon, then you might want to introduce new edibles to them. This might encourage them to eat more solid foods rather than solely relying on liquid items.
Bearded dragon yellow poop
This could be mainly due to an orange or yellow-colored fruit or vegetable in the diet of your exotic pet. The coloration of droppings can be instantly influenced by the changes in their eating habits.
Apart from veggies and fruits, a yellow-colored poop can also occur if your bearded dragon consumes excessive calcium. You might want to reduce their daily calcium dustings, and just add the feeder bugs without any supplements.
You should see whether this causes their stools to return back to normal color and texture. A yellow coloration can also be due to seminal fluids that get hardened up during the time. You would typically notice a yellowish-white stringy layer of seminal fluid coming out the vent of your dragon. You should never pull it out by force, as that can hurt your pet. Try placing your bearded dragon in a warm bath, as that would help them get rid of these seminal plugs without any inconvenience.
Bearded dragon green poop
The green color in poop is usually caused by foods that contain high amounts of chlorophyll. These high-chlorophyll foods mainly include green leafy vegetables, such as spinach and kale. If your pet dragon gulps down on large amounts of spinach in a day, then you might observe green-colored droppings the next day.
Medications and supplements can also trigger this distinct coloration in the poop of your bearded dragon. If they ingest green-colored substrate, then this can also cause this coloration in their stools.
If green color is coupled with an overwhelmingly foul smell in their poop, then this can indicate a parasitic invasion. In order to de-worm your cuddly pet, you should take them to a vet as soon as possible.
Bearded dragon runny/watery poop
When the excrement of your pet lizard is runny and soft, then this can reveal about an internal issue with their digestive system or intestinal tract. High-fiber content in their diet can cause them to suffer from diarrhea. Food items, like apples and papaya, can act as laxatives. These fruits release enzymes that can break the stools into small inconsistent pieces.
If you have recently introduced a fiber-rich diet plan to your beardie, then they would inevitably get runny stools. If you notice a distinct bad odor in their watery stools, then this might be an indicator of a parasitic infection. You would have to take a fresh stool sample to a vet to get it examined.
If your bearded dragon has parasites in their intestines, then they would also suffer from a sudden loss of appetite. They would also become lethargic because the parasites would be constantly sucking up iron from their hosts’ bodies. Make sure to get it treated as soon as possible, as this can cause your pet lizard to lose weight rapidly.
Blood in bearded dragon poop
Seeing blood in the droppings of your beardie is not normal and you should consider it as a dangerous sign. Rather than rushing to the hospital the moment you spot blood in stool you should give it a day. Sometimes the stools of your bearded dragon might normalize on their own after a few days.
In most cases, it occurs due to internal bleeding and impaction. This happens when you feed bugs that are larger than the distance between the eyes of your bearded dragon. When they swallow excessively giant insects, this causes these food items to get stuck in the digestive tract. Some insects can even tear down the fragile intestinal walls of your dragon with their pointy legs. You should avoid feeding locusts and roaches to your beardie, as these bugs have sharp legs.
If your little dragon gobbles up on solid indigestible objects in the house, then this can cause minor bleeding. As soon as your beardie starts suffering from impaction, they would start showing various signs, such as:
- Lack of interest in food
- They would become lazy and inactive during the day
- Randomly regurgitate undigested food
- Protrusions around the belly or back
- Sudden weight loss
If you observe such signs, then you should place them in a warm bath at once. You can also slowly massage them while they are soaking up in hot water. This would help promote regular bowel movements, which would, in turn, bring out any foreign objects.
Pinworms and hookworms can also cause your beardie to have blood in their stools. Your vet might run a full-screen test to observe if there is an intestinal infection in your pet’s body.
Bearded dragon won’t poop
A bearded dragon with low internal body temperature might poop less frequently because of unfavorable weather conditions. The heat in the environment soothes their tensed up muscle, which in turn promotes healthy bowel movements. You might want to maintain the indoor temperature anywhere from 95 to 105 degrees Fahrenheit during the daytime. This temperature can be reduced up to 80 degrees during the dark hours of the night.
Creating favorable basking spots is essential to ensuring that your beardie defecates without any difficulty. If they start skipping to poop, then this can expose their body to impaction. Impaction can cause the delicate intestinal walls to become damaged. If they suffer from excessive internal bleeding, then this can even cause them to die.
Dehydration can also be a reason why your beardie hasn’t pooped in a while. Make sure to add wet veggies and slimy bugs in their diet to help them retain moisture. If their diet is too dry, then this can also expose them to chances of constipation.
You should also remove any dangerous substrates, such as walnut shells, that can cause impaction to lizards. Despite the apparent aesthetic appeal of these substrates, they can cause a choking hazard to your pet dragon.
How to make a bearded dragon poop
Daily warm baths work the best when it comes to promoting natural bowel movements. While setting up the bath, make sure that the water level doesn’t rise above their shoulders. They are easily susceptible to getting drowned, and you should only submerge in water under your supervision.
Once their body is covered in the steamed bath, you can slowly massage their bodies in a circular direction. This would help you move any foreign object that might be causing impaction.
You can also induce defecation behavior by feeding homemade laxatives to your pet dragon. Applesauce pumpkin works wonder as it helps instantly relief constipation issues in lizards. You can either feed this liquid with the help of an eyedropper or just topically apply it around their mouth.
Once they have ingested the laxative mixture, you should give them a day to start pooping again. Some laxatives can take up to 24 hours to work properly.
You should take your bearded dragon to the vet if it still doesn’t defecate after trying all those tips.
How to get your bearded dragon to poop during brumation?
Generally, your bearded dragon would not require pooping when they are in their deep sleep-cycle of brumation. During this time, all their internal systems would shut down and they would lose their appetite.
If you notice that your pet dragon is snacking during the brumation period, then you need to ensure that they get rid of undigested food. If the food particles remain in their intestinal tract, then this can cause a buildup of toxic substances in their body.
You should place them in warm baths once they have consumed any food items. This would help them excrete all unwanted items before going back to the long sleep.
Abnormal bearded dragon poop
From green-colored shades to yellowish hue, all these coloration are considered abnormal when it comes to beardies’ poops. You should always consult with a health expert as soon as you spot such unusual colors. This can tell about an underlying health issue that your exotic pet might be dealing with.
If you notice black poop in the tank of your beardie, then this can indicate a parasitic issue. It can also turn dark in color if it has been lying in the enclosure for a long period. Make sure you scoop up the droppings as soon as you spot them on the ground. This would help you maintain desired standards of cleanliness and hygiene in the tank.
A polyp can also develop in the gut of your pet lizard, which can increase their chances of suffering from impaction. These polyps can block the passage of fecal material to pass freely through the intestinal tract. Your vet might recommend performing surgery to remove these unwanted protrusions from the body.
If you notice hard and chalky feces in the terrarium, then this can tell about the dehydration problem of your pet. You might want to place water bowls at strategic locations where they can easily gain access to it. This would help remind them about catering to their water-related needs.
Bearded dragon parasites in poop
Most beardie owners are not aware that their pets carry an entire colony of pinworms in their belly. This is mainly because the animal doesn’t show any clinical signs until the infection spreads to the internal organs. Monthly fecal examinations are important if you fear that your pet lizard might have worms.
Once these parasites latch themselves within the gastrointestinal tract of their host’s body, they continuously feed on their blood throughout the day. This can weaken the body of your lizard and it might even lose weight over time.
Your vet might prescribe special deworming medications to help kill off these unwanted intruders. Depending upon the species of intestinal worms your pet lizard has, the vet would give a related dosage of medicines. During the treatment period, your beardie might become lethargic and lose appetite. If your pet is debilitated, then the doctor might advise to feed them some dietary supplements.
Do Bearded Dragons Pee?
The simple answer to this question is no, beardies don’t pee like we expect most animals to urinate. Their natural acclimatization has evolved their bodies in a way that conserves liquid in an optimal manner. You would never see your pet lizard excreting liquid urine, as they are designed to regulate hydration at all times.
A bearded dragon’s urination system is directly linked with its defecation system. Whenever their kidney releases toxic substances, they are converted to small chalky white-colored blocks. These dry blocks are called urates, and they are solidified urine material of most reptiles.
It is basically concentrated uric acid, which is expelled from the vent when the dragon is pooping. This is the reason you would notice a distinct white color portion on your pet’s feces. The greater the white area the more hydration your dragon is getting.
So, you can easily tell whether your pet has peed or not by spotting white-colored portions in their droppings. This would help you ensure that they are in good physical shape.
How often do bearded dragons pee?
When it comes to frequency of urination there is no distinct pattern that you should expect. Each dragon would have their own routine of doing the business, and you shouldn’t be much concerned about it.
As they grow older, they would pee less frequently. A baby bearded dragon can even urinate up to three times a day. On the other hand, when they become fully mature they would only go to the toilet once a day.
The overall surroundings and diet can also play a key role when it comes to predicting urine frequency. If your dragon is eating plenty of veggies and fruits, then they would be more inclined to pee regularly. A stressed reptile might urinate randomly without any pre-set cycle. You should remove all the potential triggers from their enclosure that might be adding to their anxiety and stress.
An unstable ambient temperature can also affect the urination pattern of your pet lizard. Make sure to create stable temp zones in their enclosure, so that they can resort to favorite spots.
What if your bearded dragon is pooping a lot?
As long as they don’t suffer from watery stools and diarrhea then you should not be worried about the increased frequency of stools. When babies are growing up they would be gulping down up to 30 insects in a day. This increased amount of bugs would cause to defecate several times daily.
If you are worried about whether your pet might be wondering about food poisoning, then you can reduce their food intake. Their diet should contain a balanced amount of leafy greens and live bugs. This would cause them to defecate with more regular pooping cycles.
How to know if your bearded dragon has impacted?
This is a common ailment that affects small reptiles, and it occurs when the animal swallows an indigestible foreign object. These objects block the digestive channel, which makes it difficult for the fecal matter to pass through the vent.
You should always take caution while feeding hard-shelled bugs, such as crickets and mealworms, to your beardie. These insects can sometimes get stuck in the digestive system of your pet lizard.
Your beardie also has an inclination to swallow up solid substrate particles, such as pebbles and gravel. If they end up gulping down on these items then this can expose them to life-threatening situations. You should always select the bedding options carefully, as they can increase the chances of causing impaction.
If the impaction is causing any protrusions in the belly of your beardie, then this might even cause them difficulty while walking. If you notice that they are limping across the floor, then you should take it as a warning sign.
Slate tiling and newspaper are usually the best substrate choices with the lowest chances of causing impaction. These items cannot be ingested by bearded dragons, and they can prove to be suitable bases in the enclosure.
While we all agree that the droppings of your pet reptile are not the most exciting things to look at, but they can still offer some valuable insights while predicting the health of the dragon. They would help you identify if there are any critical husbandry issues that need to be addressed.
Irregular fecal material would help you get better estimations about the potential health issues your pet dragon might be suffering from. You should also keep in mind that the structure and appearance of the poop of each dragon would differ. You should never compare the consistency of stools of your one dragon with another. Just consider each case independently, and plan their dietary requirements accordingly.
You would not be required to resort to immediate veterinary help in each condition. Just make sure to give them some time, as your beardie’s poop would most likely be normalized within a few days.